Department of Biology
An evaluation of legislative measures on electrical and electronic waste in the People’s Republic of China
With the increasing number of recycling mishaps in connection with waste electronic and electrical equipment (WEEE) in the People's Republic of China, it is imperative that the handling and recycling of WEEE be sufficiently regulated in China. Regulations covering three major issues, namely, take-back issues, controls on hazardous substances in WEEE and the assurance of good environmental management in WEEE plants, were promulgated between 2006 and 2008. The evaluation in this country report shows that few of these regulatory measures have performed satisfactorily in terms of enforcement, of public acceptance and of environmental concerns. In brief, the take-back requirements and the associated financial responsibilities are only vaguely defined; the control on hazardous substances and the so-called "environmental expiry date" requirements cannot be properly enforced, and the resources needed to ensure the satisfactory enforcement of the environmental abatement and pollution control requirements in WEEE plants are overwhelming. In addition, the use of a "multiple enforcement body" approach to the control of hazardous substances in WEEE is an indication that the Chinese government lacks the determination to properly enforce the relevant legal requirements. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
E-waste, Environmental impact assessment, People's Republic of China, RoHS, WEEE
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Link to Publisher's Edition
Chung, S., & Zhang, C. (2011). An evaluation of legislative measures on electrical and electronic waste in the People’s Republic of China. Waste Management, 31 (12), 2638-2646. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2011.07.010