Department of Social Work
Post-migration growth scale for Chinese international students: Development and validation
There has been a significant paradigm shift in recent acculturation research from a psychopathological perspective to a resilience framework. However, one indicator of positive adaptation outcomes in acculturation-measurement of personal growth in migration-is lacking. The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a Post-migration Growth Scale (PMGS) for Chinese international students. A 14-item scale was developed through in-depth interviews, item analysis and factor analysis. The scale was initially validated in a sample of 400 mainland Chinese students studying in Hong Kong. Exploratory factor analysis suggested two factors (interpersonal growth and intrapersonal growth), which were cross-validated in an independent sample of Chinese international students in Australia from mainland China (n = 154) by confirmatory factor analysis. The PMGS showed satisfactory internal consistency reliability and concurrent validity. The PMGS can thus be a reliable and valid instrument to measure Chinese international students' personal growth from overseas study experiences. Limitations were discussed and implications were suggested. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.
Chinese, International students, Post-migration growth, Resilience, Scale development, Scale validation
Source Publication Title
Journal of Happiness Studies
Link to Publisher's Edition
Pan, J., Wong, D., & Ye, S. (2013). Post-migration growth scale for Chinese international students: Development and validation. Journal of Happiness Studies, 14 (6), 1639-1655. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10902-012-9401-z