Department of History
Linnaeus' restless system: Translation as textual engineering in eighteenth-century botany
In this essay, translations of Linnaeus’ Systema naturae into various European languages will be placed into the context of successively expanded editions of Linnaeus’ writings. The ambition and intention of most translators was not only to make the Systema naturae accessible for practical botanical use by a wider readership, but also to supplement and correct it, and thus to shape it. By recruiting more users, translations made a significant contribution to keeping the Systema up to date and thus maintaining its practical value for decades. The need to incorporate countless additions and corrections into an existing text, to document their provenance, to identify inconsistencies, and to refer to relevant observations, descriptions, and illustrations in the botanical literature all helped to develop and refine techniques of textual montage. This form of textual engineering, becoming increasingly complex with each translation cycle, shaped the external appearance of new editions of the Systema, and reflected the modular architecture of a botanical system designed for expansion.
Source Publication Title
Annals of Science
Taylor & Francis
This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Annals of Science in April 2014, available online: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00033790.2014.929742.
This work was supported by the Research Grants Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region [grant number 253512].
Link to Publisher's Edition
Dietz, B. (2016). Linnaeus' restless system: Translation as textual engineering in eighteenth-century botany. Annals of Science, 73 (2), 143-156. https://doi.org/10.1080/00033790.2014.929742