Department of Finance and Decision Sciences
Massively multiplayer online game addiction: Instrument development and validation
© 2015 Elsevier B.V. The primary objective of this paper is to develop and validate an instrument for massively multiplayer online game (MMOG) addiction. Three stages of instrument development were undertaken to achieve this objective: item generation, scale development, and instrument testing. The results of a confirmation factor analysis confirmed the existence of seven dimensions of MMOG addiction, namely Salience, Mood Modification, Tolerance, Withdrawal, Conflicts, Relapse, and Loss of Control. The final instrument exhibits adequate levels of reliability, convergent validity, discriminant validity, and nomological validity. The instrument is expected to assist future empirical research on MMOG addiction. The theoretical and practical implications are discussed.
Conceptualization, Confirmatory factor analysis, Instrument development, Massively multiplayer online game, Technology addiction
Source Publication Title
Information and Management
Link to Publisher's Edition
Lee, Z., Cheung, C., & Chan, T. (2015). Massively multiplayer online game addiction: Instrument development and validation. Information and Management, 52 (4), 413-430. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.im.2015.01.006