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Structural engineering of porphyrin-based small molecules as donors for efficient organic solar cells
© 2016 The Royal Society of Chemistry.Porphyrin-based small molecules as donors have long been ignored in bulky heterojunction organic solar cells due to their unfavorable aggregation and the low charge mobility. With the aim of striking a delicate balance between molecular design, morphology, interfacial layer and device fabrication to maximize the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of organic solar cells, three comparable porphyrin-based small molecules with an acceptor-donor-acceptor configuration have been developed for use as donor materials in solution processed small molecule bulk heterojunction organic solar cells. In these molecules, electron-deficient 3-ethylrhodanine is introduced into the electron-rich porphyrin core through 5,15-bis(phenylethynyl) linkers. Structural engineering with 10,20-bis(2-hexylnonyl) aliphatic peripheral substituent on the porphyrin core, instead of the aromatic substituents such as 10,20-bis[3,5-di(dodecyloxyl)phenyl], and 10,20-bis(4-dodecyloxylphenyl), can simultaneously facilitate stronger intermolecular π-π stacking and higher charge transfer mobility in the film, leading to a maximum PCE of 7.70% in a conventional device. The inverted devices have also been demonstrated to have long-term ambient stability and a comparable PCE of 7.55%.
Source Publication Title
Royal Society of Chemistry
Link to Publisher's Edition
Wang, H., Xiao, L., Yan, L., Chen, S., Zhu, X., Peng, X., Wang, X., Wong, W., & Wong, W. (2015). Structural engineering of porphyrin-based small molecules as donors for efficient organic solar cells. Chemical Science, 7 (7), 4301-4307. https://doi.org/10.1039/c5sc04783h