Department of Religion and Philosophy
In ancient China, war was a major concern of all politico-philosophical schools, particularly during the Warring States Period (475-221 BCE). In pre-Qin (pre-221 BCE) philosophical writings of different schools traditionally known as “Masters literature,” we find numerous discussions related to warfare and its ethico-political implications, ranging from Laozi (or Lao Tzu, c. sixth century BCE) of the Daoist School (Daojia), Mozi (c. 468-376 BCE) of the Mohist School (Mojia), Confucius (or Kongzi, 551-479 BCE), Mencius (or Mengzi, c. 372-289 BCE), and Xunzi (or Hsün-tzu, c. 325-238 BCE) of the Confucian School (Rujia), to Hanfeizi (c. 280-233 BCE) of the Legalist School (Fajia), as well as various eclectics of the time.
Source Publication Title
Chinese just war ethics: Origin, development, and dissent
Lo, Ping Cheung ; Twiss, Sumner B.
War, conflict and ethics
Taylor and Francis
This is an Accepted Manuscript of a book chapter published by Routledge in "Chinese just war ethics: Origin, development, and dissent" on 15 May 2015, available online: https://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/e/9781317580973
Supported by HKBU FRG2/14-15/085
Link to Publisher's Edition
Zhang, Ellen Ying. "Zheng (征) as zheng (正)? A Daoist challenge to punitive expeditions." Chinese just war ethics: Origin, development, and dissent (2015): 209-225.