School of Chinese Medicine
Inspired by the chiral recognition ability of β-cyclodextrin and the natural adhesive properties of polydopamine under alkaline conditions, in this study, a rapid and in situ modification strategy was developed to fabricate β-cyclodextrin/polydopamine composite material coated-capillary columns for open tubular capillary electrochromatography. The results of scanning electron microscopy, FTIR spectroscopy, streaming potential, and electro-osmotic flow studies indicated that β-cyclodextrin/polydopamine was successfully fixed on the inner wall of the capillary column. This coating can be achieved within 1 h affording a greatly reduced capillary preparation time. The performance of the β-cyclodextrin/polydopamine-coated capillary was validated by the analysis of seven pairs of chiral analytes, namely epinephrine, norepinephrine, isoprenaline, terbutaline, verapamil, tryptophane, carvedilol. Good enantioseparation efficiencies were achieved for all. For three consecutive runs, the relative standard deviations for the migration times of the analytes for intraday, interday, and column-to-column repeatability were in the range of 0.41–1.74, 1.03–4.18, and 1.66–8.24%, respectively. Moreover, the separation efficiency of the β-cyclodextrin/polydopamine-coated capillary column did not decrease obviously over 90 runs. The strategy should also be feasible to introduce and immobilize other chiral selectors on the inner walls surface of capillary columns.
capillary electrochromatography, chiral separation, cyclodextrin, polydopamine
Source Publication Title
Journal of Separation Science
This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Guo H, Niu X, Pan C, Yi T, Chen H, Chen X. A novel in situ strategy for the preparation of a β-cyclodextrin/polydopamine-coated capillary column for capillary electrochromatography enantioseparations. J Sep Sci. 2017;40:2645–2653. https://doi.org/10.1002/jssc.201700152, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1002/jssc.201700152. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
This work is funded by National Natural Science Foundation of China. Grant Number: 21475053
Link to Publisher's Edition
Guo, H., Niu, X., Pan, C., Yi, T., Chen, H., & Chen, X. (2017). A novel in situ strategy for the preparation of a β-cyclodextrin/polydopamine-coated capillary column for capillary electrochromatography enantioseparations. Journal of Separation Science, 40 (12), 2645-2653. https://doi.org/10.1002/jssc.201700152