Department of Chemistry; School of Chinese Medicine
Luteolin exerted less inhibitory effect on macrophage activation induced by Astragalus polysaccharide than by lipopolysaccharide
As a kind of food supplementary, polysaccharide-rich tonic herbs become more and more popular. However, little is known regarding the interaction between known active molecules with these polysaccharides. This study aims to investigate effects of luteolin on RAW264.7 cells induced by Astragalus polysaccharide RAP in comparison with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The results showed that luteolin suppressed inflammatory meditors in LPS-induced RAW264.7 cells. While in the RAP-induced RAW264.7 cells, luteolin only decreased the NO production and iNOS gene expression, but only inhibit IL-6 at high concentration, and was ineffective in term of TNF-α. The results of western blot analysis suggested that luteolin only inhibited the phosphorylation of NF-κB p65 and Akt, but not MAPKs and IRF3 in RAP-induced RAW264.7 cells. Taken together, lutelion exerted less inhibitory effect on macrophage induced by RAP than by LPS. This study demonstrated the luteolin-containing foods may not strongly interfere the immunoregulation effect of polysaccharide RAP.
Astragalus polysaccharide, Luteolin, RAW264.7, MAPKs, NF-κB
Source Publication Title
Journal of Functional Foods
© 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
This study was supported by HKSAR Innovation and Technology Fund (ITF), Tier 3, ITS/311/09, General Research Fund (12100615, 22100014), Health Medical Research Fund (11122531, 14150521), National Natural Sciences Foundation in China (81473341), and Hong Kong Baptist University (RC-start up grant, MPCF-001-2014/2015, RC-IRMS/14-15/06, FRG1/16-17/032 and FRG2/16-17/002).
Link to Publisher's Edition
Li, Z., Zhang, Q., Wei, W., Li, L., Ma, D., Leung, C., Lu, A., Bian, Z., & Han, Q. (2017). Luteolin exerted less inhibitory effect on macrophage activation induced by Astragalus polysaccharide than by lipopolysaccharide. Journal of Functional Foods, 37, 618-623. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jff.2017.08.023