Department of Computer Science
A critiquing system to support English composition through the use of latent semantic analysis
Many students find essay writing stressful because they do not have sufficient ideas to fully cover the topic of the essay. They usually run out of ideas before they can complete their essays. In this paper, we investigate the use of critiquing systems [G. Fischer et al., (1991), J.E. Robbins, (1998)] and latent semantic analysis [T.K. Landauer et al., (1998), D.J. Steinhart, (2001)] to support computer-supported teaching of English composition at the high school level. We start by characterizing essay composition as a design activity and make use of Donald Schon's [D.A. Schon, (1983)] theory of reflection-inaction to identify key elements of an English composition design environment. We make use of latent semantic analysis (LSA) to analyze student essays and compute feedback by comparing their essays with teacher's model essays. We describe the basics of LSA, explain a system architecture that incorporates LSA, present the first version of a prototype we have built, and report the results from an experiment. We end the paper by describing some of our plans for future work.
Feedback, Reflection, Writing, Computer architecture, Prototypes, Natural languages, Production, Process design, Switches, Kelvin
Source Publication Title
Proceedings of the 2005 IEEE International Conference on e-Technology, e-Commerce and e-Service (EEE-05)
Hong Kong, China
Copyright © 2005 by The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.
This work is jointly supported by Faculty Research Grant of Hong Kong Baptist University - FRG/02-03/II38 and Group Research Grant of Research Grant Council (RGC) - HKBU 2/03/C. The second author was as a Visiting Research Scholar at Hong Kong Baptist University while this paper was written.
Link to Publisher's Edition
Wong, Kelvin C., Anders I. Mørch, William K. Cheung, Mason H. Lam, and Janti P. Tang. "A critiquing system to support English composition through the use of latent semantic analysis." Proceedings of the 2005 IEEE International Conference on e-Technology, e-Commerce and e-Service (EEE-05) (2005).