Document Type

Journal Article

Department/Unit

Department of Geography

Language

English

Abstract

Tropical ecosystems offer a unique setting for understanding ecohydrological processes, but to date, such investigations have been limited. The purpose of this paper is to highlight the importance of studying these processes—specifically, how they are being affected by the transformative changes taking place in the tropics—and to offer an agenda for future research. At present, the ongoing loss of native ecosystems is largely due to agricultural expansion, but parallel processes of afforestation are also taking place, leading to shifts in ecohydrological fluxes. Similarly, shifts in water availability due to climate change will affect both water and carbon fluxes in tropical ecosystems. A number of methods exist that can help us better understand how changes in land use and climate affect ecohydrological processes; these include stable isotopes, remote sensing, and process‐based models. Still, our knowledge of the underlying physical mechanisms, especially those that determine the effects of scale on ecosystem processes, remains incomplete. We assert that development of a knowledge base concerning the effects of transformative change on ecological, hydrological, and biogeochemical processes at different spatio‐temporal scales is an urgent need for tropical regions and should serve as a compass for emerging ecohydrologists. To reach this goal, we advocate a research agenda that expands the number and diversity of ecosystems targeted for ecohydrological investigations and connects researchers across the tropics. We believe that the use of big data and open source software—already an important integrative tool/skill for the young ecohydrologist—will be key in expanding research capabilities.

Keywords

tropical ecosystems, land use/land cover, climate change, stable isotopes, remote sensing, modeling, big data

Publication Date

4-2018

Source Publication Title

Ecohydrology

Volume

11

Issue

3

Start Page

e1918

Publisher

Wiley

Peer Reviewed

1

Copyright

Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Wright, Cynthia, Aurora Kagawa-Viviani, Cynthia Gerlein-Safdi, Giovanny M. Mosquera, María Poca, Han Tseng, and Kwok Pan Chun. "Advancing ecohydrology in the changing tropics: Perspectives from early career scientists." Ecohydrology (2018): e1918., which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eco.1918. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.

Funder

- NSF Graduate Research Fellowship. Grant Number: DGE‐1252521
- Dynamics of Coupled Natural and Human Systems (CNH) programmes. Grant Number: DEB‐1413900
- Division of Research of Texas A&M University
- Ford Foundation Predoctoral Fellowship Program
- NASA Headquarters under the Earth and Space Science Fellowship Program. Grant Number: 14‐EARTH14F‐241
- PEI‐STEP fellowship from the Princeton Environmental Institute
- Central Research Office at the University of Cuenca (DIUC)
- German Research Foundation. Grant Number: DFG, BR2238/14‐1
- Ecuadorian National Secretary of Higher Education, Science, Technology, and Innovation (SENESCYT). Grant Number: PIC‐13‐ETAPA‐001
- Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET). Grant Number: Resolution D No 4885
- Pacific Islands Climate Science Center
- Faculty Development Fund. Grant Number: FRG1/17‐18/005
- Hong Kong Baptist University Faculty Research. Grant Number: FRG2/15‐16/085

DOI

10.1002/eco.1918

Link to Publisher's Edition

http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eco.1918

ISSN (print)

19360584

ISSN (electronic)

19360592

Available for download on Wednesday, May 01, 2019

Included in

Geography Commons

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