Department of Computer Science
Structure-Preserving Subgraph Query Services
A fundamental problem of graph databases is subgraph isomorphism query (a.k.a subgraph query): given a query graph Q and a graph database, it retrieves the graphs Gs from the database that contain Q. Due to the cost of managing massive data coupled with the computational hardness of subgraph isomorphism testing, outsourcing the computations to a third-party provider is an appealing alternative. However, confidentiality has been a critical attribute of Quality of Service (QoS) in query services. To the best of our knowledge, subgraph query services with tunable preservation of privacy of structural information have never been addressed. In this paper, we present the first work on structure-preserving subIso (SPsubIso). A crucial step of our work is to transform subIso — the seminal subgraph isomorphism algorithm (the Ullmann’s algorithm) — into a series of matrix operations. We propose a novel cyclic group based encryption (CGBE) method for private matrix operations. We propose a protocol that involves the query client and static indexes to optimize SPsubIso. We prove that the structural information of both Q and G are preserved under CGBE and analyze the privacy preservation in the presence of the optimizations. Our extensive experiments on both real and synthetic datasets verify that SPsubIso is efficient and the optimizations are effective.
Source Publication Title
IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering
Link to Publisher's Edition
Fan, Zhe, Byron Choi, Qian Chen, Jianliang Xu, Haibo Hu, and Sourav S Bhowmick. "Structure-Preserving Subgraph Query Services." IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering 27.8 (2015): 2275-2290.