Document Type

Journal Article

Department/Unit

Department of Physical Education

Title

A Policy Analysis of the Development of Elite Swimming in China Between 2000 and 2012: A National Team Perspective

Language

English

Abstract

A variety of factors have contributed to China’s recent recovery in elite swimming in particular its success in the London Olympiad. The poor performance at the 2000 Sydney Olympic Games was a ‘wakeup call’, which in conjunction with Beijing’s successful Olympic bid in 2001, opened policy windows prompting large-scale review and reform from which a broad range of ‘heavyweight’ policy actions were introduced and implemented. However, the road to recent success has been ‘bumpy’ during which there were other key events that have left an indelible imprint on Chinese swimming. Therefore, the multiple streams framework in general and the concept of policy windows in particular afford a theoretical gateway to structure policy analysis of elite swimming in China. Moreover, as a Western-derived theory the application of which to a sports context has been very sporadic, the multiple streams framework is evaluated regarding its applicability, or ‘compatibility’. Five semi-structured interviews with key stakeholders were conducted, accompanied by comprehensive document analysis of official documents and website information of associated sportsgoverning bodies and associations, and influential domestic and foreign media.

Keywords

China, elite swimming, revival, multiple streams, policy windows

Publication Date

2018

Source Publication Title

The International Journal of the History of Sport

Volume

34

Issue

12

Start Page

1247

End Page

1274

Publisher

Taylor & Francis

DOI

10.1080/09523367.2018.1432599

Link to Publisher's Edition

https://doi.org/10.1080/09523367.2018.1432599

ISSN (print)

09523367

ISSN (electronic)

17439035

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