Document Type

Journal Article

Department/Unit

Department of Religion and Philosophy

Language

English

Abstract

It is sometimes said that religious belief and empiricism are different or even incompatible ways of believing. However, William James and notable twentieth-century philosophers representing Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism and Christianity have argued that there is a high degree of compatibility between religious faith and empiricism. Their analyses suggest that there are three characteristics of empiricism - that an empiricist bases his beliefs on past experience, that he seeks to test his beliefs in future experience, and that he holds his beliefs with a degree of tentativeness in case future experience should uncover evidence against them. The epistemological insights of these philosophers, along with Augustine, show that Christian theology is consistent with empiricism. Indeed, reliance on faith fails to distinguish Christianity from science, and Christian theology is even to a significant extent both verifiable and falsifiable.

Publication Date

4-2020

Source Publication Title

Science and Christian Belief

Volume

32

Issue

1

Start Page

63

End Page

82

Publisher

Paternoster Periodicals

Link to Publisher's Edition

https://www.scienceandchristianbelief.org/view_abstract.php?ID=1471

ISSN (print)

09544194

Available for download on Saturday, May 01, 2021

Included in

Religion Commons

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