Department of Chemistry
Application of hydrophobic palladium nanoparticles for the development of electrochemical glucose biosensor
An amperometric glucose biosensor based on an n-alkylamine-stabilized palladium nanoparticles (PdNPs)-glucose oxidase (GOx) modified glassy carbon (GC) electrode has been successfully fabricated. PdNPs were initially synthesized by a biphase mixture of water and toluene method using n-alkylamines (dodecylamine, C 12-NH 2 and octadecylamine, C 18-NH 2) as stabilizing ligands. The performance of the PdNPs-GOx/GC biosensor was studied by cyclic voltammetry. The optimum working potential for amperometric measurement of glucose in pH 7.0 phosphate buffer solution is -0.02V (vs. Ag/AgCl). The analytical performance of the biosensor prepared from C 18-PdNPs-GOx is better than that of C 12-PdNPs-GOx. The C 18-PdNPs-GOx/GC biosensor exhibits a fast response time of ca. 3s, a detection limit of 3.0μM (S/N=3) and a linear range of 3.0μM-8.0mM. The linear dependence of current density with glucose concentration is 70.8μAcm -2mM -1. The biosensor shows good stability, repeatability and reproducibility. It has been successfully applied to determine the glucose content in human blood serum samples. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
Amperometry, Glucose, Palladium nanoparticles
Source Publication Title
Biosensors and Bioelectronics
Link to Publisher's Edition
Li, Z., Wang, X., Wen, G., Shuang, S., Dong, C., Paau, M., & Choi, M. (2011). Application of hydrophobic palladium nanoparticles for the development of electrochemical glucose biosensor. Biosensors and Bioelectronics, 26 (11), 4619-4623. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bios.2011.04.057