Department of Chemistry
Fine-tunable Ni@porous silica core–shell nanocatalysts: Synthesis, characterization, and catalytic properties in partial oxidation of methane to syngas
Ni nanoparticles (NPs) of narrow size distribution encapsulated inside meso- and microporous silica were prepared through in situ reduction of NiO NPs coated with silica. By varying preparation parameters, the mean size of Ni NPs can be fine-tuned in the range 6-45 nm. It was found that with variation in core size, microcapsular cavity, and shell porosity, the as-obtained Ni@meso-SiO 2 catalysts for the partial oxidation of methane to synthesis gas are notably different in catalytic activity and durability. The catalyst activity and durability are essentially determined by the size of the Ni cores, and also somewhat by the porosity of SiO 2 shells, as well as the extent of core-shell interaction, which is influenced by the microcapsular cavity structure. The Ni-350@meso-SiO 2 catalyst with Ni NPs of ca. 6 nm and SiO 2 shells with 3-4 nm mesopores is superior in both activity and durability, giving CH 4 conversion of ∼93%, H 2 selectivity of 92-93% (750 °C and GHSV = 72,000 mL g -1 h -1), and TOF CH4 of 37.9 s -1. © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Core-shell structure, Ni nanoparticles, Ni@porous silica, Partial oxidation of methane, Silica
Source Publication Title
Journal of Catalysis
Link to Publisher's Edition
Li, Lei, Shengchao He, Yanyan Song, Jing Zhao, Weijie Ji, and Chak-Tong Au. "Fine-tunable Ni@porous silica core–shell nanocatalysts: Synthesis, characterization, and catalytic properties in partial oxidation of methane to syngas." Journal of Catalysis 288 (2012): 54-64.