Department of Chemistry
New evidence for toxicity of polybrominated diphenyl ethers: DNA adduct formation from quinone metabolites
This study investigated the formation of DNA adducts of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and the possible mechanisms. DNA adduction was conducted by in vitro reaction of deoxyguanosine (dG) and DNA with PBDE-quinone (PBDE-Q) metabolites, and DNA adducts were characterized by using electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry. The results suggested DNA adduction involved Michael Addition between the exocyclic NH2 group at the N-2 position of dG and the electron-deficient carbon of quinone, followed by reductive cyclization with loss of (bromo-)1-hydroperoxy-benzene or water to form a type I or type II adduct. PBDE-Q with substituted bromine on the quinone ring was proven to be a favorable structure to form a type I adduct, while the absence of bromine on the quinone ring resulted in a type II adduct. Lower reactivity of adduction was also observed with increasing the number of bromine atoms on the phenoxyl ring. Our data clearly demonstrated PBDEs could covalently bind to DNA mediated by quinone metabolites, depending on the degree of bromine substitution. This study opened a new view on the mechanism of toxicity of PBDEs and reported the structure of PBDE-DNA adducts, which might be valuable for the evaluation on potential in vivo formation of PBDE-DNA adducts. © 2011 American Chemical Society.
Source Publication Title
Environmental Science and Technology
American Chemical Society
Link to Publisher's Edition
Lai, Y., Lu, M., Gao, X., Wu, H., & Cai, Z. (2011). New evidence for toxicity of polybrominated diphenyl ethers: DNA adduct formation from quinone metabolites. Environmental Science and Technology, 45 (24), 10720-10727. https://doi.org/10.1021/es203068f