Department of Chemistry
Synthesis and structure of binuclear O/S-bridged organobismuth complexes and their cooperative catalytic effect on CO2 fixation
In the synthesis of binuclear organobismuth complexes (1-6) through treatment of organobismuth chlorides with NaOH or Na 2S·9H 2O, the two 5,6,7,12-tetrahydrodibenz [c,f]-[1,5]azabismocine frameworks are cross-linked by either a sulfur or an oxygen atom. The complexes (1-6) show high catalytic efficiency in the synthesis of cyclic carbonates from 2-(chloromethyl)oxirane and CO 2. Compared with their precursor chlorides (7-9), methoxide 10 and methanethioate 11 which are mononuclear organobismuth complexes, the binuclear organobismuth complexes show higher cooperative catalytic effect. However, the complexes with an oxygen bridge (1-3) are not stable in air and lose their catalytic efficiency because of hydrolysis or CO 2 adsorption (forming organobismuth carbonates in the latter case). Nonetheless, the binuclear organobismuth complexes (4-6) with a sulfur bridge are highly stable in air and can be applied in the synthesis of cyclic carbonates (with the co-presence of Bu 4NI) across various kinds of epoxides, thus exhibiting satisfactory efficiency and selectivity. © 2012 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Bridging ligands, Carbon dioxide fixation, Cooperative effects, Homogeneous catalysis, Oxygen heterocycles
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Qiu, R., Meng, Z., Yin, S., Song, X., Tan, N., Zhou, Y., Yu, K., Xu, X., Luo, S., Au, C., & Wong, W. (2012). Synthesis and structure of binuclear O/S-bridged organobismuth complexes and their cooperative catalytic effect on CO2 fixation. ChemPlusChem, 77 (5), 404-410. https://doi.org/10.1002/cplu.201200030