Abstract 摘要

According to Chinese medical history, the Shengjijing (Canon of Sagely Benefaction) was commissioned by Emperor Huizong (1100-1125) of the Song Dynasty. It is usually compared with another great project of the time, the Shengji zonglu (Medical Encyclopedia: Classic of Sagely Benefaction). The emperor wrote prefaces for two large formulary compilations. The Canon of Sagely Benefaction, which comprises 10 chapters of medical theories, was published in 1118, and the Medical Encyclopedia: A Sagely Benefaction, which comprises 200 chapters of formularies, was published in 1122.

This paper focuses on the ethical dimensions illustrated by the Canon of Sagely Benefaction. It explores fundamental Chinese concepts such as qi energy, yin and yang, the five phases and their mutual transformation as implemented in the medical text. The author argues that these key concepts are well incorporated into medical practice and function as a guide for both physical health and moral cultivation. Such combinations of the medical with the ethical and the physical with the spiritual can be considered a fusion of the Daoist and Confucian traditions, a popular practice during the Song period.

宋代政治、經濟、科技、哲學、風尚等諸多因素促進了醫藥學的發達與繁榮。《聖濟經》猶如宋代醫藥學百花園中一朵瑰麗的奇葩,為後人從醫理到實踐提供了寶貴的資料。《聖濟經》(10卷,分42 篇,注重理論)同《政和聖濟總錄》(亦稱《聖濟總錄》,醫學百科,200 卷,分66 門,闡述病因、病理及醫治藥方)都是由宋徽宗趙佶(1082-1135) 親自主持編纂的醫學大作。《聖濟經》除了確立儒家的綱常倫理之外,更在本體宇宙論的氣論框架下構建了道家身心平和的基本醫學原理。《聖濟經》所體現的醫學倫理思想,如“陰陽合而夫婦正”、“五行有殊相”、 “氣者生之元也”、“子之在母”、 “去邪輔正,以平為期”等,突出表現了儒道相容的陰陽觀、五行觀、整體觀和辯證觀,同時展現了宋代獨特的政治生態和文化特徵。