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Abstract 摘要

The author agrees that way of life is an important social determinant of health and longevity. However, an individual’s choice of way of life depends more on her/his own understanding of nature and life than on the differences between Eastern and Western culture, because rationalist and empirical traditions co-exist in both the East and the West. Rationalists assume that people are capable of understanding and controlling both nature and the human body, and empiricists argue that people should follow nature. In general, people who attempt to follow nature and lead moderate lives have a high life expectancy and are more likely to be healthy.