This short review summarizes the major opinions of Professor Lee Shui Chuen’s recent article. First, pre-Song Dynasty traditional Chinese medicine, which was championed by Sun Simiao, is an amalgam of Buddhist, Taoist, and Confucian ways of thinking, in addition to traditional materia medica. Further research is required to determine how Buddhist and Taoist thought influenced the development of Chinese medicine. Second, Sun Simiao was considered a sage physician because his practices were in accord with both contemporary and later criteria for a Confucian sage, although his doctrines were not typically Confucian. Third, Professor Lee’s argument that Confucian views on medicine pave the way for supplementing contemporary medical practice with traditional Chinese medicine in the subfield of psychiatry, and the hitherto new area of bioethics, pays too much attention to technological medical innovations, overlooking the spiritual dimension of medical activities.