This commentary offers a review of Jeffrey Bishop’s reflections on the history of medicine in the West. It agrees with Bishop’s criticisms of scientism in biomedicine and with how the problems of scientism persist despite various attempts at reform. However, it also points out that Bishop’s discussion of the influence of philosophical dualism on Christianity and scientism is inadequate. Dualism is in fact deeply rooted in the West (such as in Plato’s philosophy and some early interpretations of Christianity). This commentary concludes that Chinese biomedicine, much like Western biomedicine, needs to forge its own path, as biomedicine is a social response to physical and psychological threats to the human mind and body.