Abstract 摘要

Body ethics constitute a genuine expression of both human life and the physical body. They represent the spiritual will of medicine, correcting the errors of the bio-psycho-social medical model. Body ethics reflect both the holistic human body and the true spirit of medicine, forming the basis for medical intervention and physical rehabilitation. For medical doctors guided by the bio-psycho-social medical model, the human body is nothing more than a behavioral and psychological object. However, the real body is a being, an individual human being, who must try to unify “consciousness” with “the body.” The moral premise of the body ethics medical model transforms “dead” materials into humanity, i.e., the human body, including even the sick body. This model incarnates the transcendent dimension of the human body in a comprehensive whole, manifesting the proper relations among physical, moral, humane, and political activities in medicine. The body ethics model of medicine contributes to a return to the harmonious nature of medicine and ethics on the one hand and the inseparability of medicine and religion on the other. Accordingly, even in a postmodern context, it can reasonably be held that both the physical and religious dimensions of the body are sources of the medical ethics of the body and that this body ethics model of medicine contains the spiritual, moral, and political functions of the body in itself. Finally, this model goes beyond the bio-psycho-social medical model through its transcendent dimension.