The purpose of this study is to investigate and analyze the ethical awareness and practice of clinical nurses in nursing care. By using specially designed questionnaires to interview 500 clinical nurses and 209 patients at three hospitals in Chengdu, Sichuan Province, the authors examine the current relationship in medical practice between medical professionals and patients.
The study shows that the total score for the ethical knowledge of nurses is 16.38±3.91; for ethical practice it is 63.43±15.99; and the average score is 2.49±0.64. The score for patients’ satisfaction is 37.56±7. The study also shows that there are significant differences in ethical awareness among nurses with different educational levels and professional titles.
Ethical practice is acknowledged as an essential part of good nursing, yet defining what comprises such practice is complex. The paper suggests that more ethical education that targets the situation in China should be provided that offers a holistic understanding of professional ethics for the nursing profession. Such ethical education is badly needed given the ethical tensions between medical professionals and patients in China today.
本文研究目前臨床護士護理倫理認知踐行現狀，分析相關影響因素，探討新形勢下增強臨床護士護理倫理認知實踐的對策。研究採用“臨床護士護理倫理認知及踐行現狀調查問卷”和“患者對護士護理倫理服務滿意度調查問卷”對成都市3所三甲醫院的500 名護士以及相應的三所醫院的209 名患者進行隨機問卷調查，並對調查結果進行統計分析。文章建議通過國家政策改善醫院管理、完善教育體制、改善社會環境、加強護士自身學習等方法提高護士護理倫理的認知踐行能力。