Do near-death experiences (NDEs) show that the soul exists? This paper argues that it is premature to draw such a conclusion, even if current science cannot fully explain all features of NDEs. Clear and univocal evidence is needed, but many reports of NDEs are problematic and subject to conflicting interpretations. In addition, many cases of NDEs took place in circumstances where residual neural activities could not be ruled out. Progress can be made with better experimental designs and brain imaging techniques. The paper concludes with a discussion of physicalism and its logical connections to out-of-body experiences.