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Abstract 摘要

As a traditional ethnic medicine with a long history, Tibetan medicine still has great clinical value today. Tibetan Buddhism played an extremely important role during the development of Tibetan medicine. Closely related to the introduction of ancient Indian Ayurvedic medicine to Tibet, Tibetan Buddhism laid the foundation of the basic theory of the balance between the three factors and seven substances of Tibetan medicine. The celestial burial ceremony was convenient for anatomical research, and the emphasis on medical knowledge during the education of monks further promoted the development of Tibetan medical education. However, Tibetan Buddhism also introduced special religious characteristics to traditional Tibetan medicine and has had complex influence on the long-term development of ancient Tibetan medicine.

藏醫學作為一門歷史悠久的傳统民族醫學,至今仍有極高的臨床價值。在古代藏醫學的歷史發展過程中,藏傳佛教扮演著極為重要的角色,它與古印度阿輸吠陀醫學引入西藏密不可分,因而對藏醫學三因素七物質平衡的基礎理論奠定起到重要作用。而天葬儀式更為解剖研究提供便利,僧侶培養過程中對醫學的重視也進一步推動藏醫教育發展。然而,藏傳佛教也賦予藏醫學特殊的宗教特徵,對藏醫學的發展產生了複雜的影響。

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