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Abstract 摘要

The story reported in this article raises some questions on informed consent. To patients with no education and no medical knowledge, how do medical professionals perform informed consent? In the situation of emergence, should medical professionals be excused from the obligation of informed consent? Or should the patient and his or her family be informed after the illness is cured? If this is so, what is the meaning of informed consent? With the conflict between the interests and the patient and the hospital, the cost is a very importance issue. How does the patient express his or her opinions effectively? Patients who have no economic capacity and no medical insurance depend on their families for medical care. How can their rights and interests are protected? What medical professionals should do if the decision of the family is against the will and interests of the individual patient?

本故事提出了如下一些知情同意方面的問題:面對沒有文化、且毫無醫學知識的病人,如何履行知情同意?在病情緊急情況下應否免除知情同意或待病情穩定後再向病人或家屬補充說明?如果是後者,這種事後的同意有何意義?在醫院追逐利潤並與病人利益發生衝突的情況下,費用成為病人關注的重要問題,病人如何有效的表示自己的意見?在病人本人沒有經濟能力、又無醫療保險的條件下,一切依賴家屬,病人如何維護自己的權益?病人本人的意願有何意義?如何面對既不能否定家屬的同意又有可能出現家屬違背病人本人意願行事可能的困境?

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