Abstract 摘要

This paper discusses the possible application of the four principles of medical ethics advocated by Beauchamp and Childress to the current healthcare reform and transition in China from the perspective of someone who has many years of experience as a physician. It aims to show that many of the medical problems and solutions identified in the West also make sense in the Chinese context, although different moral language may be used. I believe that traditional resources such as the Confucian moral/ritual system can be reconstructed to handle ethical questions both in theory and in practice in China. It is argued that hospitals and physicians administer medicine through the art of benevolence. Using Confucian morality as a guide for healthcare reforms may help to make the transition period easier, and the four principles may help to standardize the regulations needed for hospitals.