Department of Physics
Organic soluble indigoids derived from 3-hydroxybenzaldehyde for N-type organic field-effect transistor (OFET) applications
Two new series of organic soluble indigoids 7-7′-dialkoxyindigoids (2a, 2b) and 4,4′-dibromo-7,7′-dialkoxyindigoids (3a, 3b) (alkoxy = n-butoxy and n-octyloxy) were synthesized starting from the inexpensive 3-hydroxybenzaldehyde. The indigoids were soluble in common organic solvents including chloroform, dichloromethane, toluene, ethyl acetate and ethers. The enhanced solubility was suggested to be a lack of intermolecular hydrogen-bonds as confirmed by single crystal X-ray diffraction analyses. It was found that intramolecular hydrogen-bonds in indigoids are crucial to the exhibition of field-effect in OFETs, while intermolecular hydrogen-bonds only caused insolubility of the indigoids. Compared to the pristine insoluble indigo (LUMO = −3.55 eV and Eg = 1.91 eV), the soluble indigoids containing electron donating alkoxy side chains at the indigoid 7 and 7′ positions were shown to have their LUMO decreased by −0.13 to −0.26 eV. Among the indigoid studied, the soluble indigoid 3a containing electron donating alkoxy side chains at the indigoid 7 and 7′ positions and bromine groups at the indigoid 4 and 4′ positions exihibited a narrowest bandgap energy with Eg = 1.66 eV. Employing the same fabrication technique and a bottom-gate-top-contact OFET configuration, the soluble indigoids were found to have electron mobility similar to and within an order of magnitude of the pristine indigo.
OFET, Baeyer Drewson indigo synthesis, 3-Hydroxybenzaldehyde, Organic semiconductors, Organic soluble indigoids
Source Publication Title
Link to Publisher's Edition
Ngai, Jenner H. L., Man Lay Louis Leung, Shu Kong So, and Harrison K. H. Lee. "Organic soluble indigoids derived from 3-hydroxybenzaldehyde for N-type organic field-effect transistor (OFET) applications." Organic Electronics 32 (2016): 258-266.