Department of Religion and Philosophy
Kant’s Critical philosophy solves Descartes’ mind-body problem, replacing the dualism of the “physical influx” theory he defended in his early career. Kant’s solution, like all Critical theories, is “perspectival,” acknowledging deep truth in both opposing extremes. Minds are not separate from bodies, but a manifestation of them, each viewed from a different perspective. Kant’s transcendental conditions of knowledge portray the mind not as creating the physical world, but as necessarily structuring our knowledge of objects with a set of unconscious assumptions; yet our pre-conscious (pre-mental) encounter with an assumed spatio-temporal, causal nexus is entirely physical. Hence, today’s “eliminative materialism” and “folk psychology” are both ways of considering this age-old issue, neither being an exclusive explanation. A Kantian solution to this version of the mind-body problem is: eliminative materialism is good science; but only folk psychologists can consistently be eliminative materialists. Indeed, the mind-body problem exemplifies a feature of all cultural situations: dialogue between opposing perspectives is required for understanding as such to arise.
mind-body problem, neurophilosophy, eliminative materialism, Immanuel Kant, perspectives
Source Publication Title
Culture and Dialogue
Link to Publisher's Edition
Palmquist, S. (2016). Kant’s perspectival solution to the mind-body problem: Or, why eliminative materialists must be Kantians. Culture and Dialogue, 4 (3). https://doi.org/10.1163/24683949-12340010