Document Type

Journal Article

Department/Unit

School of Chinese Medicine

Language

English

Abstract

Antiresorptive drugs, alendronate and raloxifene, are effective in lowering bone mineral density (BMD) loss in postmenopausal women. However, long-term treatment may be associated with serious side effects. Our research group has recently discovered that a Chinese herbal formula, ELP, could significantly reduce BMD loss in animal and human studies. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the potential synergistic bone-protective effects of different herb-drug combinations using ovariectomized rats. To assess the efficacy of different combinations, the total BMD was monitored biweekly in the 8-week course of daily oral treatment. Bone microarchitecture, bone strength, and deoxypyridinoline level were also determined after 8 weeks. From our results, coadministration of ELP and raloxifene increased the total tibial BMD by 5.26% (2.5 mg/kg/day of raloxifene; P=0.014) and 5.94% (0.25 mg/kg/day of raloxifene; P=0.026) when compared with the respective dosage groups with raloxifene alone. Similar synergistic effects were also observed in BMD increase at distal femur (0.25 mg/kg/day; P=0.001) and reduction in urinary deoxypyridinoline crosslink excretion (2.5 and 0.25 mg/kg/day; both P=0.02). However, such interactions could not be observed in all alendronate-treated groups. Our data provide first evidence that ELP could synergistically enhance the therapeutic effects of raloxifene, so that the clinical dosage of raloxifene could be reduced.

Publication Date

2012

Source Publication Title

Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Volume

2012

Start Page

203732-1

End Page

203732-11

Publisher

Hindawi Publishing Corporation

Peer Reviewed

1

DOI

10.1155/2012/203732

Link to Publisher's Edition

http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/203732

ISSN (print)

1741427X

ISSN (electronic)

17414288

ESSN

17414288

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