School of Chinese Medicine
Antiresorptive drugs, alendronate and raloxifene, are effective in lowering bone mineral density (BMD) loss in postmenopausal women. However, long-term treatment may be associated with serious side effects. Our research group has recently discovered that a Chinese herbal formula, ELP, could significantly reduce BMD loss in animal and human studies. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the potential synergistic bone-protective effects of different herb-drug combinations using ovariectomized rats. To assess the efficacy of different combinations, the total BMD was monitored biweekly in the 8-week course of daily oral treatment. Bone microarchitecture, bone strength, and deoxypyridinoline level were also determined after 8 weeks. From our results, coadministration of ELP and raloxifene increased the total tibial BMD by 5.26% (2.5 mg/kg/day of raloxifene; P=0.014) and 5.94% (0.25 mg/kg/day of raloxifene; P=0.026) when compared with the respective dosage groups with raloxifene alone. Similar synergistic effects were also observed in BMD increase at distal femur (0.25 mg/kg/day; P=0.001) and reduction in urinary deoxypyridinoline crosslink excretion (2.5 and 0.25 mg/kg/day; both P=0.02). However, such interactions could not be observed in all alendronate-treated groups. Our data provide first evidence that ELP could synergistically enhance the therapeutic effects of raloxifene, so that the clinical dosage of raloxifene could be reduced.
Source Publication Title
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Link to Publisher's Edition
Ko, Chun-Hay, Wing-Sum Siu, Hing-Lok Wong, Si Gao, Wai-Ting Shum, Ching-Po Lau, Sau-Wan Cheng, Jacqueline Chor-Wing Tam, Leung-Kim Hung, Kwok-Pui Fung, Clara Bik-San Lau, Quan-Bin Han, and Ping-Chung Leung. "In vivo study on the pharmacological interactions between a Chinese herbal formula ELP and anti-resorptive drugs to counteract osteoporosis." Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2012 (2012): 203732-1-203732-11.