School of Chinese Medicine
© 2016 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Osteosarcoma (OS) is a bone cancer mostly occurring in pediatric population. Current treatment regime of surgery and intensive chemotherapy could cure about 60%–75% patients with primary osteosarcoma, however only 15% to 30% can be cured when pulmonary metastasis or relapse has taken place. Hence, novel precise OS-targeting therapies are being developed with the hope of addressing this issue. This review summarizes the current development of molecular mechanisms and targets for osteosarcoma. Therapies that target these mechanisms with updated information on clinical trials are also reviewed. Meanwhile, we further discuss novel therapeutic targets and OS-targeting drug delivery systems. In conclusion, a full insight in OS pathogenesis and OS-targeting strategies would help us explore novel targeted therapies for metastatic osteosarcoma.
International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Molecular mechanism, Molecular targets, Osteosarcoma, Targeted therapy
Shaikh, Atik Badshah, Fangfei Li, Min Li, Bing He, Xiaojuan He, Guofen Chen, Baosheng Guo, Defang Li, Feng Jiang, Lei Dang, Shaowei Zheng, Chao Liang, Jin Liu, Cheng Lu, Biao Liu, Jun Lu, Luyao Wang, Aiping Lu, and Ge Zhang. "Present advances and future perspectives of molecular targeted therapy for osteosarcoma." International Journal of Molecular Sciences 4.17 (2016).